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Blumeria graminis

Korić B, 1994. Occurrence and frequency of the pathotypes of Blumeria graminis D.C. f.sp. tritici March. in Croatia from 1988 to 1992. (Zastupljenost i učestalost patotipova Blumeria graminis D.C. f.sp. tritici March. u Hrvatskoj od 1988. do 1992. godine.). Fragmenta Phytomedica et Herbologica. 22 (1/2), 5-12. Lee T S, Kim S H, 1990 In most barley growing regions mildew (Blumeria graminis (syn.: Erysiphe graminis) (D.C. Speer) f. sp. hordei) is very common and yield losses can be dramatic. The high economic importance of this disease is based on the ability of the fungus to adapt to new resistance genes and to multiply quickly. Therefore, resistance breeding began in the thirties and the search for new resistance genes has become more and more extensive during the last 30 years Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici Bgt#70 Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici JIW2 Disclaimer: The NCBI taxonomy database is not an authoritative source for nomenclature or classification - please consult the relevant scientific literature for the most reliable information

Blumeria graminis is a plant pathogen that causes powdery mildew on grasses, including cereals. Blumeria graminis forma specialis tritici is a pathogen of wheat (wheat powdery mildew) with a poorly understood evolutionary history. The genome sequence and gene prediction of Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici 96224 have not been determined by the Joint Genome Institute (JGI), but were downloaded from NCBI on Sept 15, 2017 In contrast with oomycetes, little is known about effector functions in true fungi. We used a bioinformatics pipeline to identify Blumeria effector candidates (BECs) from the obligate biotrophic barley powdery mildew pathogen, Blumeria graminis f. sp. hordei (Bgh). BEC1-BEC5 are expressed at different time points during barley infection

Although Blumeria graminis is an intensively studied pathogen, an important part of its life cycle (namely, the way ascospores initiate primary infections on cereal leaves) has not yet been explored in detail. This study reports, for the first time, the direct observation of this process in B. grami A colony of the barley powdery mildew fungus (Blumeria graminis f. sp. hordei) growing on the leaf surface. The network of hyphae expanding over the leaf surface is visible in the foreground. The erect conidiophores generate masses of airborne conidia visible to the naked eye as a dry powdery mass that is easily dispersed by air currents Wheat powdery mildew, Blumeria graminis forma specialis tritici, is a devastating fungal pathogen with a poorly understood evolutionary history. Here we report the draft genome sequence of wheat.. Blumeria graminis est une espèce de champignons ascomycètes de la famille des Erysiphaceae.Ce champignon phytopathogène est l'agent d'une maladie fongique (« blanc » des céréales ou oïdium des céréales) qui touche certains végétaux de la famille des Poaceae.On la trouve notamment sur les feuilles des céréales.. C'est la seule espèce du genre Blumeria (genre monotypique) Die Art Blumeria graminis besteht aus mindestens acht verschiedenen Spezialformen (formae speciales = f. sp.), welche nur bestimmte Wirtspflanzen parasitieren: Der Weizenmehltau kann zum Beispiel die Gerste nicht befallen. Die acht Spezialformen enthalten wiederum viele verschiedene Rassen, welche nur bestimmte Sorten von einer oder wenigen Pflanzenarten befallen können. B. graminis ist ein obligat biotropher Parasit und kann deshalb nur auf lebendem Pflanzengewebe wachsen

Blumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals

Blumeria graminis può attaccare tutte le parti epigee della pianta, ma si localizza prevalentemente sulla pagina superiore delle foglie partendo da quelle basali. Sulla superficie delle stesse è possibile notare inizialmente delle pustole, che evolvono in macchie puntiformi, via a via più estese, ricoperte da una muffa di consistenza soffice e di colore bianco - grigiastro. I tessuti attorno alle aree colpite assumono una colorazione brunastra e necrotizzano Information about Blumeria graminis diagnosis, including distribution and treatment advice. Cookies on Plantwise Knowledge Bank In Romania, crop losses due to B. graminis f.sp. tritici varied from 1 to more than 20% depending on the region in which it occurred. Powdery Mildew of Wheat Preview Clip Blumeria graminis (commonly called barley powdery mildew or corn mildew) is a fungus that causes powdery mildew on grasses, including cereals. It is the only species in the genus Blumeria. It has also been called Erysiphe graminis and (by its anamorph) Oidium monilioides or Oidium tritici Slavíček J. (ed.) (2014-2018): Číselník hub České republiky 2018, Česká vědecká společnost pro mykologii [as Blumeria graminis (DC.) Speer ] Data retrieved on: 16 September 201 General information about Blumeria graminis (ERYSGR) Name Language; powdery mildew of cereals: English: Mehltau: Getreide: German: blanc des céréale

Blumeria graminis - Getreide-Mehltau

Blumeria graminis - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

Blumeria_graminis - Ensembl Genomes 51 Blumeria graminis is an ascomycete fungus responsible for powdery mildew in a variety of grasses, including economically important cereals such as barley and wheat, causing falls in yields of up to 40%. Its genome exhibits considerable variability, allowing the evolution of strains that are able to infect previously resistant crop varieties, or that exhibit fungicide resistance Erysiphe graminis de Candolle, 1815; Oidium monilioides (Nees) Link, 1924 (anamorph). notes. In Europe, the only powdery mildew on grasses. Within the species there is a, perhaps even large, number of races, formae speciales, specialised on a particular genus or species of host plant OIDIO (Blumeria graminis) Esta enfermedad es causada por el ascomiceto, Blumeria graminis f. sp. hordei, hongo que produce conidios característicos con forma de tonel en cadena. El estado sexual forma cleistotecios redondos que llevan apéndices simples y flexibles. Hay entre 15 y 20 ascos por cleistotecio. Sintomatología 1. Very-long-chain aldehydes induce appressorium formation in ascospores of the wheat powdery mildew fungus Blumeria graminis .Fungal Biology[引用日期2020-02-05] 2

Taxonomy browser (Blumeria graminis

Blumeria graminis is the powdery mildew responsible for disease in wheat, barley, oats and rye, and extensive study has been undertaken to elucidate its genomics and host-pathogen interaction. (Hacquard et al., 2013; Jankovics et al., 2015) The host specificity can be very high, for example the grass pathogen B. graminis has a subtype below. Blumeria graminis f. sp. hordei Taxonomy ID: 62688 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid62688) current nam Blumeria graminis (comúnmente llamado mildiú polvoriento de la cebada o mildiú del maíz) es un hongo que causa mildiú polvoriento en los pastos, incluidos los cereales.Es la única especie del género Blumeria.También se le ha llamado Erysiphe graminis y (por su anamorfo) Oidium monilioides u Oidium tritici The genome of Blumeria graminis f. sp. hordei strain DH14 was sequenced by BBSRC-INRA funded project and annotated manually by a community effort involving researchers in many institutions world-wide (1). B. graminis causes powdery mildews in grasses, including the common cereals wheat and barley Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici Taxonomy ID: 62690 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid62690) current nam

The following 15 files are in this category, out of 15 total. Blumeria.graminis.-.lindsey.jpg 640 × 426; 107 KB Blumeria.graminis2.-.lindsey.jpg 640 × 426; 114 K Powdery mildew disease caused by Blumeria graminis f.sp. tritici (Bgt) leads to severe economic losses in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). To date, only a few epigenetic modulators have been revealed to regulate wheat powdery mildew resistance. In this study, the histone deacetylase 2 (HD2) type histone deacetylase TaHDT701 was identified as a negative regulator of wheat defense responses. Blumeria graminis (commonly called barley powdery mildew or corn mildew) is a fungus that causes powdery mildew on grasses, including cereals. It is the only species in the genus Blumeria. It has also been called Erysiphe graminis and (by its anamorph) Oidium monilioides or Oidium tritici. Previous Latinský název: Blumeria graminis: Slovenský název: Múčnatka trávová: Německý název: Getreidemehltau: Anglický název: Powdery mildew of cereals and grasse

Blumeria graminis [formerly Erysiphe graminis] Powdery mildew of turfgrass. Frequency. 4 (1 = rare 5 = annual) Severity. 2 (1 = very little damage 5 = plants killed) Hosts. Powdery mildew occurs most commonly on Kentucky bluegrass and, to a lesser extent, on bermudagrass, fine-leaved fescues,and zoysiagrass Keywords: Hordeum vulgare; Blumeria graminis; barley landraces; Mlo resistance; resistance genes; powdery mildew 1. Introduction Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is the fourth most important cereal crop in the world. In many regions, barley is often grown in marginal agricultural areas with low annual precipitation (often less than 220 mm) Blumeria graminis. 7. Co dělat, když je trávník napaden chorobami. 7 fotografi. PDF | Purpose - The causal pathogen of Powdery mildew diseases on cereal crops was long known as Erysiphe graminis. Speer erected the genus Blumeria,... | Find, read and cite all the research. Blumeria graminis, the obligate biotrophic grass powdery mildew, is a highly pathogenic fungus capable of inflicting foliar diseases and of causing severe yield losses. There is asexual and sexual.

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  1. is f. sp. tritici Population and Response of Egyptian Wheat Cultivars. Plant Disease 102(2): 391-397. doi: 10.1094/PDIS-07-17-0975-RE Cao, X., Yao, D., Zhou, Y. et al. (2016) Detection and quantification of airborne inoculum of Blumeria gra
  2. is f. sp. tritici), rez pšeničnou (Puccinia recondita), rez plevovou (Puccinia striiformis), plíseň sněžnou (Fusarium spp., Microdochium nivale), sněť mazlavou hladkou (Tilletia caries) v pšenici
  3. is: Taxonomy navigation › Blumeria All lower taxonomy nodes (18) Common name i: Powdery mildew: Synonym i: Oidium monilioides: Other names i ›Blumeria sp. 2009-0567 ›Erysiphe gra

Blumeria graminis [DC.] E.O. Speer f. sp. tritici Em. Marchal (synonym Erysiphe graminis DC) (Bgt) is an obligate biotrophic pathogen of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) causing wheat powdery mildew. Introduction. Blumeria graminis (grass powdery mildew) is a fungal pathogen that attacks grass species belonging to the family of Poaceae. It is considered one of the most important fungal pathogens because of its economic impact on cereal crops (especially wheat and barley) and represents a model system to study biotrophic pathogens (Dean et al. 2012)

The identification of powdery mildew resistance genes (Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici) was carried out using the following molecular markers: Xcfd81 , Whs350 and Xgwm205 for Pm2, Pm3a for Pm3a, STS_241 and Xgwm382 for Pm4b and NAU/STS BCD 135-2 for Pm6 Blumeria graminis f.sp. avenae is an obligate biotroph whose asexual conidia germinate and develop reasonably synchronously through a highly ordered morphogenetic sequence (reviewed by Green et al., 2002). Emergence of a short primary germ tube is followed by that of the second, appressorial germ tube that elongates and differentiates a hooked. Powdery mildew caused by Blumeria graminis f. sp. hordei (Bgh) is a constant threat to barley production but is generally well controlled through combinations of host genetics and fungicides. An epidemic of barley powdery mildew was observed from 2007 to 2013 in the West Australian grain belt Blumeria graminis (DC.) Speer [Erysiphe graminis DC.] 分類:子のう菌門,核 菌綱,ウドンコカビ目,ウドンコカビ科 日本全国に分布し,イネ科 植物にうどんこ病を引き起こす

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Interaction of a Blumeria graminis f

Echter Mehltau des Getreides

Population surveys of Blumeria graminis f. sp. hordei (Bgh), a causal agent of more than 50% of barley fungal infections in the Czech Republic, have been traditionally based on virulence tests, at times supplemented with non-specific Restriction fragment length polymorphism or Random amplified polymorphic DNA markers. A genomic sequence of Bgh, which has become available recently, enables. General information about Blumeria graminis f. sp. hordei (ERYSGH Zkontrolujte 'Blumeria graminis' překlady do čeština. Prohlédněte si příklady překladu Blumeria graminis ve větách, poslouchejte výslovnost a učte se gramatiku Familia: Erysiphaceae Genus: Blumeria Species: Blumeria graminis Name []. Blumeria graminis Speer, 1975 . References []. Bisby FA, Roskov YR, Orrell TM, Nicolson D.

Blumeria graminis is a fungus that causes powdery mildew on grasses, including cereals (called barley powdery mildew or corn mildew). It is the only species in the genus Blumeria. It has also been called Erysiphe graminis and (by its anamorph) Oidium monilioides or Oidium tritici Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici (Bgt), DNA methylation, siRNA, wheat. Summary DNA methylation is dynamically involved in plant immunity, but little information is known about its roles in plant interactions with biotrophic fungi, especially in temperate grasses such as wheat (Triticum aestivum)

New Insights into the Life Cycle of the Wheat Powdery

Familia: Erysiphaceae Genus: Blumeria Species: Blumeria graminis Name []. Blumeria Golovin ex Speer (1975) . References []. Bisby FA, Roskov YR, Orrell TM, Nicolson D. Conidia of the obligate biotrophic fungal pathogen Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici (Bgt) play a vital role in its survival and rapid dispersal. However, little is known about the genetic basis for its asexual reproduction. To uncover the primary metabolic and regulatory events during conidiation, we sequenced the transcriptome of Bgt epiphytic structures at 3 (vegetative hyphae growth), 4. Blumeria graminis (commonly called barley powdery mildew or corn mildew) is a fungus that causes powdery mildew on grasses, including cereals.It is the only species in the genus Blumeria.It has also been called Erysiphe graminis and (by its anamorph) Oidium monilioides or Oidium tritici An Blumeria graminis in uska species han Fungi in nahilalakip ha divisio nga Ascomycota, ngan nga syahan ginhulagway ni Dc., ngan ginhatag han pagkayana nga asya nga ngaran ni Eberhard Otto von Speer hadton 1975. An Blumeria graminis in nahilalakip ha genus nga Blumeria, ngan familia nga Erysiphaceae. Waray hini subspecies nga nakalista. Mga kasarigan. 2.0 2.1. Mid-importance strikes me as a bit low for Blumeria graminis as a subject for an article. It is one of half-dozen most intensively investigated of all plant pathogenic fungi. The article should include sections summarising the wealth of knowledge about this fungus, including infection, host resistance, pathogen genetics, disease control and fungicide resistance, as well as filling out the.

The wheat powdery mildew genome shows the unique evolution

Blumeria graminis (commonly called barley powdery mildew or corn mildew) is a fungus that causes powdery mildew on grasses, including cereals.It is the only species in the genus Blumeria.It has also been called Erysiphe graminis and (by its anamorph) Oidium monilioides or Oidium tritici.. Systematics. Previously B. graminis was included within the genus Erysiphe, but molecular studies have. Check 'Blumeria graminis' translations into Czech. Look through examples of Blumeria graminis translation in sentences, listen to pronunciation and learn grammar Blumeria graminis ; Blumeria graminis. Nombre vulgar: Oídio. Sinonimia / Otros nombres científicos / Acrónimos: Acrosporium monilioides, Erysiphe communis f. graminis, Erysiphe graminis, Oidium monilioides, Oidium monilioides var. monilioides, Tigria graminis. Tipo de plaga: Hongos y/ó Pseudofungis. Blumeria graminis and Ascocarp · See more » Ascomycota. Ascomycota is a division or phylum of the kingdom Fungi that, together with the Basidiomycota, form the subkingdom Dikarya. New!!: Blumeria graminis and Ascomycota · See more » Ascospore. An ascospore is a spore contained in an ascus or that was produced inside an ascus. New!!

Blumeria graminis — Wikipédi

Record Details: Blumeria graminis (DC.) Speer, Sydowia 27(1-6): 2 (1975) [1973-1974]. Sanctioning author: Fr. Basionym: Erysiphe graminis DC. 1815. Citations in published lists or literature: Index of Fungi 4: 402 Page Image for Protologue. Position in classification Ensembl Fungi is a genome-centric portal for fungal species of scientific interes Orton ES, Brown JMK (2016) Reduction of growth and reproduction of biothrophic fungus Blumeria graminis in the presence of a necrotrophic pathogen. Frontiers in Plant Science 7, 742-752. | Reduction of growth and reproduction of biothrophic fungus Blumeria graminis in the presence of a necrotrophic pathogen

Zkontrolujte 'Blumeria graminis' překlady do slovenština. Prohlédněte si příklady překladu Blumeria graminis ve větách, poslouchejte výslovnost a učte se gramatiku Blumeria graminis f. sp. hordei (Barley powdery mildew) (Oidium monilioides f. sp. hordei) Status. Unreviewed-Annotation score: -Experimental evidence at transcript level i. Names & Taxonomy i. Protein names i: Submitted name: AVRa10 Imported. Organism i: Blumeria graminis f. sp. Erysiphe graminis (syn. Blumeria graminis) (teleomorfe fase) is een echte meeldauwschimmel, die granen en grassen aantast en behoort tot de ascomyceten.De anamorfe fase wordt Oidium monilioides of Oidium tritici genoemd. Naar aanleiding van moleculaire studies is in 1975 Erysiphe graminis afgezonderd van het geslacht Erysiphe en kreeg het een eigen geslacht Blumeria, maar de naam Erysiphe. 天羽茧磁力天羽茧磁力,永濑唯8月永濑唯8 Blumeria graminis (DC.) Speer. říše Fungi - houby » třída Leotiomycetes » řád Erysiphales - padlí » čeleď Erysiphaceae - padlí » rod Blumeria - padlí. ID: 340773. pID: 172797. Taxonomická kategorie: 150. Autor záznamu: Ondřej Zicha

Echter Mehltau des Getreides - pflanzenkrankheiten

  1. Turf affected by the disease have a grayish white cast, with initial symptoms appearing as white patches on the leaf blade. Eventually the whole leaf blade becomes covered by a white mass of spores
  2. is f. sp. hordei, occurs world-wide and can result in severe yield loss. Thousands of barley accessions are stored in national gene banks, and their characterization for breeding purposes is needed. This study was conducted to deter
  3. is (DC.) Speer English Common Name(s): powdery mildew Taxonomic Rank: Fungi: Ascomycota: Leotiomycetes: Erysiphales: Erysiphaceae Index Fungorum ID: 309596 NAPIS Code: FFACEDF Synonym(s): Erysiphe gra
  4. is) Původní název: padlí travní. Na listech trav se ve vegetaci vytváří bělavý moučnatý povlak, který přechází do rozsáhlejších hnědavých skvrn. Listy postupně odumírají. Příčinou jsou přehoustlé a extenzivně sekané porosty, vysoká vzdušná vlhkost a zastíněné polohy
  5. is) Známa choroba mnohých plodín, charakteristická múčnatými povlakmi na listoch nielen tráv. Listy postupne hnednú a odumierajú. Symptómy: Na vrchnej strane listov sa vytvára biely, múčnatý povlak, často sprevádzaný chlorózami a nekrózami. Listy postupne hnednú a odumierajú

Pepelnica, koju prouzrokuje gljiva Blumeria graminis, je rasprostranjena u svim krajevima sveta u kojima se gaje strna žita.Kod ove gljive postoje specijalizovane forme, tako da se na pšenici razvija f. sp. tritici, ječmu f. sp. hordei, ovsu f. sp. avenae i raži f. sp. secalis.. Najčešće i najštetnije kod nas su vrste koje se javljaju na pšenici i ječmu, posebno ako zahvate list. Blumeria graminis - pepelnica žita. Sinonimi Erysiphe graminis, cereal powdery mildew. Prouzrokovač pepelice žita osim žita se razvija na preko 100 drugih vrsta trava. To mu omogućava prenošenje iz jedne vegetacije gajenih strnih žita u drugu vegetaciju Blumeria graminis - Wikipedia. Blumeria graminis (commonly called barley powdery mildew or corn mildew ) is a fungus that causes powdery mildew on grasses , including cereals . It is the only species in the genus Blumeria . It has also been called Erysiphe graminis and (by its anamorph ) Oidium monilioides or Oidium tritici

Knowledge Bank Blumeria gramini

Rez travní (Puccinia graminis) je druh rzi (tedy houby z oddělení stopkovýtrusných hub), které parazituje na obilí a na dřišťálu.. Rezavá ložiska prášivých výtrusů jsou na spodní straně listů dřišťálu, výtrusy jsou rozšiřovány větrem na obilniny nebo na jiné trávy, kde vyklíčí.Na listech těchto rostlin se ve vegetační době tvoří tzv ISSN 1392-3196 / e-ISSN 2335-8947 Zemdirbyste-Agriculture, vol. 106, No. 2 (2019), p. 107-116 DOI 10.13080/z-a.2019.106.014. Virulence and diversity of the Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici populations in Lithuania and Southern Ukraine. Vita TRASKOVETSKAYA, Andrii GORASH, Žilvinas LIATUKAS, Nadia SAULYAK, Kyrylo TERNOVYI, Olga BABAYANTS, Vytautas RUZGAS, Algė LEISTRUMAIT (Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici) wybranych genotypów pszenicy ozimej analizowanych w doświadczeniach porejestrowych Justyna Szwarc*, Danuta Kurasiak-Popowska, Agnieszka Tomkowiak, Roksana Skowrońska Summary The aim of this study was to identify powdery mildew resistance genes in winter wheat cultivars obtained from Post-registratio

Blumeria graminis ~ Detailed Information Photos Video

  1. is Syn. Erysiphe gra
  2. is f.sp. tritici , is a significant disease of wheat throughout the world and has resulted in substantial yield and economic losses in wheat production. It is particularly important to understand the population distribution and genetic resistance of B. gra
  3. is (DC.) Speer 1975. collect. overview; data; media; articles; maps; names; International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center cc-by-nc-sa Blumeria gra
  4. is. Index Fungorum link: Blumeria gra
  5. is f. sp. hordei) u jeČmene. informace o publikaci. vyuŽitÍ dna markerŮ pŘi identifikaci novÝch genŮ odolnosti k padlÍ travnÍmu (blumeria gra
  6. is f. sp. hordei (Bgh), we have identified a novel group of genes, the Egh16H genes, and shown that two of these are up-regulated during primary infection of barley leaves

Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici (Bgt), the causal agent of wheat powdery mildew severely affects yield security wheat production in China. Understanding the virulence structure and genetic variations of this pathogen is important for breeding wheat lines resistant to wheat powdery mildew. However, information related to genes controlling resistance remains elusive Files Size Format View; Blumeria_graminis_diagram.jpg: 135.8Kb: JPEG imag A new distribution map is provided for Blumeria graminis (DC.) Speer Fungi: Ascomycota: Erysiphales Hosts: Poaceae, commonly wheat (Triticum aestivum), barley (Hordeum vulgare), oats (Avena sativa) and rye (Secale cereale). Information is given on the geographical distribution in EUROPE, Albania, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark,..

File:03 04 06 life cycle of Puccinia graminis on a grass

The isolates of Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici were isolated from 6 provinces or cities, and the sensitivity of 108 isolates to triadimefon and 104 isolates to quinoxyfen was tested with seed treatment and detached leaf segment methods. The results showed that the mean ECJO of isolates to triadimefon was 94.34 mg/L, and the mean resistance factor (Rf) was 45.14 Population surveys of Blumeria graminis f. sp. hordei (Bgh), a causal agent of more than 50% of barley fungal infections in the Czech Republic. Interaction of a Blumeria graminis f. sp. hordei effector candidate with a barley ARF-GAP suggests that host vesicle trafficking is a fungal A bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library of Blumeria graminis f.sp. hordei, containing 12,000 clones with an average insert size of 41 kb, was constructed. The library represents about three genome equivalents and BAC-end sequencing showed a high content of repetitive sequences, making contig-building difficult. To identify overlapping clones, several strategies were used: colony.

4 Important Classes in which the Nutrition of Fungi may be

Blumeria graminis, the obligate biotrophic grass powdery mildew, is a highly pathogenic fungus capable of inflicting foliar diseases and of causing severe yield losses. There is asexual and sexual propagation in the life cycle of B. graminis. In the epidemiological processes of this pathogen, both types of spores - asexual conidia and sexual. Žitna pepelovka, tudi pšenična pepelasta plesen (znanstveno ime Blumeria graminis), je gliva, ki prizadene vrste iz družine trav, med njimi tudi prava žita.Nekdaj je bila znana kot Erysiphe graminis DC., po anamorfni obliki pa tudi kot Oidium monilioides ali Oidium tritic Klíčová slova: AvrPm effectors, Bgt, Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici, chromosome sequencing, EMS mutagenesis, NLR, Triticum aestivum Abstrakt: Pm1a, the first powdery mildew resistance gene described in wheat, is part of a complex resistance (R) gene cluster located in a distal region of chromosome 7AL that has suppressed genetic recombination